Eichhornia crassipes

Eichhornia crassipes

Eichhornia crassipes, called also water hyacinth, is a free-floating, aquatic, perennial herbaceous belonging to Pontederiaceae family. It is a rhizomatous and stoloniferous plant which produces rosettes of rounded and thick leaves with spongy petioles. Spikes of 8-10 violet or blue six-petaled flowers are supported atop erect stalks. The fruit is a capsule containing more than 300 seeds.


Common NameWater hyacinth
Botanical nameEichhornia crassipes
Life CyclePerennial
Basic ColourBlue – Violet
Height30 -> 70 cm
Rainy woodlands,
Altitude200 – 2500 m
Bloom TimeJune -> September
Plant TypeHerb, Bulbous,
Fruit TypeCapsule
different tolerancesTell us
Used PartsWhole plant
Plant UsesFodder
Active substancesTell us
USDA Zone9 (-7), 10 (-1),
11 (+4), 12 (+10)
Sun ExposureSun, Part shade,
Full shade
Soil pHNeutral
Soil MoistureMoist, Wet
Soil Type Sandy, Clayey
Propagationby seeds / by sowing,
by division, Self sows
GerminationTell us
Pests/ DiseasesTell us

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