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Heracleum sphondylium

Heracleum sphondylium

Heracleum sphondylium or hogweed – cow parsnip is a biennial or perennial species belonging to the Apiaceae family. It has a rigid, hollow and hairy stem. The big leaves are also pubescent and once or twice pinnate. The sturdy stems bear white flowers which are in bloom from July to September. They produce glabrous achenes.


Datasheet

Common NameHogweed/
common hogweed/
cow parsnip
Botanical nameHeracleum sphondylium
FamilyApiaceae
Life CyclePerennial
FoliageEvergreen
Basic Colouryellow
Height15 -> 80 cm
Habitatshechese lawns /
Grasslands,
sunny rocky cracks,
rockeries
Altitude2200 m
Bloom TimeMay -> July
Plant TypeHerb, Medicinal
Fruit TypeAchene
different tolerancesTell us
Used PartsLeaf, Root,
Fruit, Flower
Plant UsesMedicine ,
Culinary, Fodder,
Active substancespolyphenols,
flavonoids
USDA Zone> 6 (-23)
Sun ExposureSun
Soil pHAcidic, Alkaline,
Neutral
Soil MoistureDry
Soil Type Sandy, Peaty, Stony
Propagationby seeds / by sowing,
by division, Self sows
GerminationTell us
Pests/ DiseasesSlugs and snails

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