Senna didymobotrya

Senna didymobotrya

Senna didymobotrya is a multi-stemmed shrub or small tree that can grow up to 2 meters tall. Evergreen leaves composed of a few pairs of oval-oblong leaflets of a dark green and slightly pubescent. The inflorescence is in clusters of yellow flowers, the flowers of each inflorescence open first at the bottom, then upwards of the bunch. The fruit is a flat legume. The plant is toxic in high doses.


Common NameAfrican senna,
popcorn senna,
candelabra tree,
peanut butter cassia
Botanical nameSenna didymobotrya
Life CyclePerennial
Basic Colouryellow / gold, black
Height 1 -> 3 m
HabitatMountains, woodland,
Altitude2500 m
Bloom Time June, July, August,
September, Octobe
Plant TypeShrubs, Ornemental,
Outdoor, Medicinal
Fruit Type Legume
different tolerancesTender
Used Parts Leef, seed, root
Plant UsesMedicine , Ornamental
Active substancesemodin, chrysophanol,
physcion, knipholone, rhein
USDA Zone10 (-1), 11 (+4),
12 (+10)
Sun ExposureSun
Soil pHAcidic, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil MoistureDry
Soil Type Sandy, Silty,
Clayey, Peaty
Propagationby seeds / by sowing,
by Cuttings, Self sows
GerminationTricky Germinator
Pests/ Diseases coffee mealy bug

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