Tribulus terrestris

Tribulus terrestris

Tribulus terrestris, known also as puncture vine, small caltrops or goat’s head, is an annual medicinal herb belonging to the Zygophyllaceae family. The hairy stems bear hairy, opposite leaves and small, elliptic leaflets. The flowers are yellow with 5 petals and 5 sepals. The flowering is followed by the production of capsules. All the parts of the puncture vine are widely used in medicine because of their many health benefits.


Common NamePuncture vine/
Small caltrops
Botanical nameTribulus terrestris
Life CycleAnnual,
Basic Colouryellow
Height10 -> 80 cm
HabitatSandy lands
Altitude0-600 m
Bloom TimeApril -> September
Plant TypeHerb, Medicinal,
Fruit TypeCapsule
Tell us
Used PartsWhole plant
Plant UsesMedicine, Ornamental
Saponins, harmine
USDA ZoneTell us
Sun ExposureSun
Soil pHAlkaline, Neutral
Soil MoistureDry
Soil Type Sandy
Propagationby seeds / by sowing,
by division, Self sows
GerminationTell us
Pests/ Diseasesweevils: Microlarinus
lareynii et M. lypriformis

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